About biological waste sorting

komposta spainītis

In the coming years, Latvian residents will need to start separating their organic waste. This means that food leftovers, plant and garden residues will be placed in a separate brown container. It is recommended to place organic waste in the container directly from the chosen packaging, which can be a convenient dish or a small bucket. You can also use a special compostable bio bag or a paper bag to dispose of food waste in the container. It is important not to use plastic bags for organic waste, as they can contaminate the final product, compost. According to the waste composition analysis conducted at the Ķīvītes landfill, approximately 40% of household waste consists of food and garden waste. By separating these waste types, the new biowaste processing plant at the landfill will be able to produce higher quality compost and increase the opportunities for recycling valuable materials. By sorting organic waste, the amount of unsorted household waste will significantly decrease, allowing residents to save money, as the waste management company will accept organic waste at a 40% lower cost. According to waste management regulations, starting from 2024, the fee for properly sorting organic waste will be 60% of the fee for unsorted household waste. This means that in the long run, residents will have the opportunity to reduce the overall waste management costs by reducing the size or frequency of unsorted waste container collection. Private homeowners will have the option to request a brown container from the waste management company or compost their organic waste in their own gardens. Organic waste plays a significant role in the circular economy, as it can be used to produce valuable soil fertilizers and renewable energy. A new biowaste processing plant will start operating at the Ķīvītes landfill by the end of this year, where biogas will be produced from food and garden waste and converted into electricity and heat on-site. Additionally, technical compost will be produced from the processed waste. Waste separation is simple and allows for savings. It’s worth noting that other sorted waste, such as glass and lightweight packaging materials like plastic, paper, and metal, can be disposed of free of charge. Waste separation in households doesn’t require much space, just a box, basket, or bag to collect all the sorted waste. It only requires a slight change in daily habits. Over time, waste separation becomes a natural habit that is easy to implement. Furthermore, in the designated collection areas for sorted waste, it is possible to dispose of various types of sorted waste, not just packaging, but also batteries, accumulators, electronic devices, clothing, and metal, free of charge. Therefore, waste separation, in general, allows for cost savings and improves environmental quality.